Methods of political control in han china and imperial rome essay

Roman war ethos

Poorer farmers and tenant laborers worked on their fields. Once, the Emperor Wu visited the home of an official. The slaves were at the bottom. Romans began to regard their deceased emperors as gods and made a religious cult. In Han China, they needed educated officials to take positions in the society. Many institutions were set up to settle legal disputes, and Roman law appeared in every town governed by the empire. Han China, which lasted from B. Of the class structure after this, placed only marginally higher, were the plebeians, or peasant class in China. Both societies also had vast armies to control their new territories. After roughly years of warfare, China's population was about 30 million, far below the height of 56 million recorded during the Han.

At the bottom of society were convicts, beggars and slaves, who formed a small part of the population. Before, in China, bureaucrats were appointed by the emperor, in whom the emperor would usually choose close relations and aristocrats. Since the peasant population in Rome was not as high as Chinas, this led to a greater dependency on slaves.

Testaments of this can be seen when Rome used legions that consisted of heavy infantry. Late during the Han dynasty, aristocrats' accumulation of land in massive quantities forced large numbers of peasants off their lands. Though the political systems of these two empires were quite similar, they are also very different.

how did china develop a large army of approximately one million soldiers during the han period

Music and entertainment were separated from rituals, with the exception of funeral rites which were taken very seriously. In Han China, they needed educated officials to take positions in the society. This dynasty pioneered a political system and social structure that lasted in China for almost 2, years.

They could not be subject to cruel punishments. This empire developed a political philosophy called legalism.

Similarities and differences between han china and imperial rome

The overall structure of the region was different. Where the Chinese province of Shanxi produced , tons of iron per year in , it only produced 50, tons of iron per year by In Rome, the peasant and slave population were taxed heavily as well. In Rome, the emperors took a large part in religion and organized a state religion, while in China the emperors were more deistic, acknowledging God and taking part in ceremonies, but not concerning themselves too much with it, based on Years of Chinese History. These policies, together with the social unrest caused by the extravagance of the Jin officials and the infighting of the Jin royal family, soon lead to the collapse of the Jin. Due to the more superior roads in Rome, different cultures were able to travel to Rome quickly. It grew on the milk of of humans. Even though some differences between these two empires prevailed, they were still able to support themselves for many centuries effectively, and their legacies still live on today. Though the political systems of these two empires were quite similar, they are also very different. He replied "Of course the pork is excellent! How to cite this page Choose cite format:. The basis of this society were free peasants, who formed the base of the tax revenues of the state and who produced most of the agricultural crop. In Han China, they needed educated officials to take positions in the society.

Even though some differences between these two empires prevailed, they were still able to support themselves for many centuries effectively, and their legacies still live on today.

Each social group had well-defined roles. However, Roman women were quite free and had greater control over their wealth and property than preceding states in the Mediterranean.

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Comparison between Roman and Han Empires