However, its immediate impact was to strengthen the millions of small peasant proprietors, who were now free to sell their food surpluses on the open market, and the private merchants who grew rich on this trade.
A satelliteA satellite 30 What was the name of the revolutionary labor movement in Poland during the s? Instead, he met with the leaders of the Ukraine and Byelorussia now renamed Belarus and agreed to dissolve the Soviet Union completely.
They looked to and worked for the extension of the revolution, most immediately to Western Europe. When Trotsky tried to use the material Lenin had left him, he found himself hemmed in by walls of censorship. The national question A key factor accelerating this process was the Gorbachev leadership's failure to put into practice its verbal commitment to the Leninist policy on the national question.
The smallest organisation, even a club of dog lovers or cactus growers, is supervised by an appropriate body of the CPSU. By the Soviet Union had achieved parity with the United States in military power.
As West German historian Oskar Anweiler — who, while hostile to the Bolsheviks, gave a generally honest account of the Russian Revolution — acknowledged in a book: "The soviets were seen by the masses as 'their' organ, and it would have been impossible to mobilise them against the soviets in the name of the Constituent Assembly".
Trotsky added that the Bolsheviks did not "renounce planned economy in toto, that is, of introducing deliberate and imperative corrections into the operations of the market". Recent popularity polls have placed him well below even dictator Joseph Stalin.
But there were more immediate causes for the collapse.
Prior tono Western economist predicted such a debacle; some forecasts for Soviet growth were even mildly encouraging. His confrontational tone caused many to fear he would steer the world toward a repetition of the Cuban missile crisis.
This bureaucracy was conservative, narrow-minded and authoritarian.